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Rheological control in foaming polymeric materials: II. Semi-crystalline polymers

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上传人:  diablo
上传时间:  2011-09-14 13:56:00
内容分类  结构流变学
资料简介:  The influence of rheological properties and crystallization on foam structures, such as cell diameter, cell density and cell size distribution, of semi-crystalline polymer was investigated. The rheological properties of polypropylene (PP) were controlled by long chain branching (LCB) modification with free radical reaction and its crystallinity. The foaming behavior could be well correlated with the crystal structure and the rheological properties of polymers. The results showed that the long chain branching modification changed the crystallization speed, the diameter and the number of crystal and the rheological behavior as well. The interplay between the crystallization and the rheology of polymers with different chain structures can cause different nucleation mechanism in foaming. Both the cell size of linear PP and LCB PP decrease with crystallization time, and the cell density increases with crystallization time. The crystals in PPs acted as heterogeneous nucleation cites for bubbles, but the cell density of LCB PP is much higher than that of linear PP because of it higher spherulites density. The higher viscosity of branched PP further made its cell diameter smaller than that of linear one. Therefore, the foam structure can be well controlled by tuning the chain structure and crystal structures.
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